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Suppose you are an Obstetrics and Gynecology specialist or planning to pursue a course in obstetrics and gynecology. In that case, you should be informed of the following facts and figures related to OB-GYN specialists worldwide.
- Every minute a woman loses her life during delivery or labor.
- Approximately 529,000 women die from pregnancy-related causes, out of which 99% of these casualties are from developing nations.
- The factors contributing to this high maternity mortality rate include postpartum hemorrhage, obstructed labor, eclampsia, sepsis, ectopic pregnancy, unsafe abortion, embolism, etc.
- Due to these high maternal mortality rates, many steps have been taken, notable of the “Safe Motherhood Initiative” by the World Health Organization, which helped many nations make remarkable progress bringing down their maternity mortality rates.
Many developing nations like India face extreme challenges in implementing these strategies due to shortage in financial and human resources, lack of conclusive data, limited political promise, minimal access to skilled labor, and emergency care—primary emergency obstetric interventions, such as antibiotics. Oxytocin, anticonvulsants, manual removal of the placenta, and instrumental vaginal delivery are vital to improving survival.
The lack of adequate OB-GYN specialists in many developing countries, especially in semi-urban and rural areas, is the primary and massive setback in fighting high maternal mortality rates. In recent times, many organizations and doctors have realized the factors causing these setbacks and have started stationing more specialists and encouraging new doctors to enroll in various specialty courses, especially in OB-GYN, to meet these demands.
A course in obstetrics and gynecology allows doctors to avail of specified specialist training and education on obstetrics and gynecology. Creating more OB-GYN specialists is a crucial factor in combating high maternal mortality rates. These specialists will help tend to those in need and also set up the required infrastructure and amenities to care for patients.
The attached article on Improving Maternal Health in Developing countries authored by Abimbola Patience Folorunso explores the various shortcomings of the medical sector’s maternal arm in developing countries, the multiple factors contributing to the high maternal mortality rate (both by the medical industry and the patients themselves), and how to address these issues to reduce overall maternal mortality rate. Furthermore, the articles also provide data sources and methods to make sense of these figures to truly understand the impact of maternal mortality and compare the steps and implementations made by developed nations to understand the source and solution thoroughly. It is no doubt that this data will be fundamentally beneficial to OB-GYN specialists and aspirants alike to inform and motivate them to take the specialty further.