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In India most doctors who have completed the MBBS program and are ready for practising independently opt to do a post graduate program of their choice. There are four streams one can pursue – Master of Surgery (MS), Doctor of Medicine (MD), Post Graduate Diploma or Diploma of National Board (DNB). Each has its merits and demerits and at the end, it is the enthusiasm and willingness to commit oneself that determines the outcome. Though there are many programs that are open to do after MBBS, the most popular courses are restricted to a few. We have enlisted seven of the most highly preferred PG programs here. Whatever program you might choose, it is important to qualify by taking the NEET exam. The most preferred PG program is Radiology and Radio Diagnosis. MD in Radio diagnosis is a 3-year course or M Sc. Radiology is a 2-year course. Next in order is MD (General Medicine) The course duration is two years, and after completion, candidates can join a hospital or choose to set up their own practice. General practitioners focus on the overall health of a patient. If you have a liking for the teaching profession, then Anatomy is for you. It is a 2-year post-graduation after MBBS. You will study the bodily structures of living beings, as well as living organisms. The other programs are forensic medicine (related to crime), Obstetrics and Gynaecology (related to women’s reproductive system), Paediatrics (infant healthcare), and Orthopaedics (bone and trauma).
In which medical stream should I specialize? It is a common question most students ask after MBBS. For an MBBS graduate, it is a dream to pursue a career in medicine with a postgraduate degree. You can hardly excel in the medical industry without any specialization in the stream of your interest. Nevertheless, most MBBS students lack enough knowledge about the best postgraduate medical courses in India.
Before deciding on a PG medical course, knowing the NEET PG eligibility requirement for admission is essential. NEET PG, an entrance exam, helps secure admissions to a list of PG programs after MBBS, and they are:
- Master of Surgery (MS)
- Doctor of Medicine (MD)
- Post Graduate Diploma
- Diplomate of National Board (DNB)
There are numerous postgraduate courses to choose from after studying MBBS. Here are the top 7 among them:
Radiology and Radio-Diagnosis
Among medical PG courses in India, Radiology or Radio-Diagnosis is the most sought-after course among PG medical students. A medical specialty, clinical radiology is using imaging to diagnose as well as treat various diseases.
As a radiologist, you will have a rewarding career working with clinicians. You spend time analyzing medical conditions and planning patients’ treatment. What is appealing about this post-graduation after MBBS course is it is exciting, challenging, and rewarding. There is an escalation in demand for trained radiologists owing to the extensive use of radiological imaging in most treatments.
One among the best PG courses in India, an MD/MS in Radio diagnosis is a 3-year course, or M Sc. Radiology is a 2-year course. The course offers training in the latest radiology and imaging techniques. Advancements in medical science have helped diagnose most diseases and perform effective surgical procedures using X-rays, CT scans, and MRI.
With this PG course after MBBS, you get to become a skilled and competent radiologist. It helps you perform interventional radiology, interpret the images, and diagnose injury or disease.
A postgraduate in medicine is majorly opted by most medical graduates due to the increasing demand for general practitioners. With more general medicine seats in medical colleges across the country, you can opt for this PG course after MBBS. You can gain much knowledge on various health issues and medical conditions and treatments for them.
The course duration is two years, and after completion, significant hospitals are hiring GPs with a better pay package. As a general practitioner, you will focus on the overall health of a patient.
General medicine is one of India’s top medical PG branches that offer exciting career opportunities in the healthcare sector. Laboratories, pharmaceuticals, private clinics, and research centers are prominent sectors that use GPs’ services.
You can pick either an MS or an MD in Anatomy as a PG medical course in India. In the 2-year post-graduation after MBBS course, you study the bodily structures of living beings, as well as living organisms.
Additionally, it involves studying the human body through dissection and observation and the positioning of its various parts. With gross anatomy, you learn to conduct a detailed investigation of body structures without using instruments. It may involve noninvasive and less invasive methods.
The course also teaches microscopic anatomy, studying cells and tissues of living beings using a microscope. An MD in anatomy is one of the after MBBS PG courses that make you a specialist. With advanced research and training, you become capable of providing the best healthcare in the field. The Doctor of Medicine in anatomy is the best course after MBBS for those who want to work as professors in medical colleges or other related positions in hospitals.
Forensic medicine has gained much prominence among other medical PG courses, with more and more medical students opting for it. It is a medical niche that deals with applying medical knowledge to prove facts in legal cases.
Forensic medicine helps you learn how to examine evidence to determine the cause, manner, and time of death. Forensic doctors generally perform autopsies and may assist in criminal investigations. They are also called medical examiners or forensic pathologists.
The postgraduate medical course duration for forensic medicine is three years, with a one-year internship and MBBS being mandatory. After this PG medical course, you can enter into an adventurous career by joining the crime investigation team. Some job prospects in this stream include working as a forensic scientist or criminologist, research assistant, and investigator in any related private and public organizations. You can also work as a forensic teacher or professor, or lab technician.
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Obstetrics and gynecology come under top medical PG branches in India. The twin subjects of medical science cover the female reproductive system. Obstetrics is concerned with providing care during pregnancy, labor, childbirth, and the postpartum period.
Also, an obstetrician is responsible for giving the best prenatal care both to the mother and child. They intervene in case of any complications and ensures safe childbirth. Gynecology pertains to any ailment related to reproductive organs such as fallopian tubes, ovaries, uterus, cervix, and vagina.
The other problems a gynecologist may deal with are the bladder, bowel, and urinary system. The reason is because of the close connection with female reproductive organs. In this branch, PG course duration is three years for MD or Doctor of Medicine in OB-GYN, three years for MS or Master of Surgery in OB/GYN, and two years for Postgraduate Diploma in OB-GYN. This twin specialization in obstetrics and gynecology demands extensive training for three years to gain various skills related to the field.
The job opportunities for Postgraduate Medical courses in India and other countries are high. You can work as an obstetrician, gynecologist, consultant, lecturer, clinical associate, and general physician. The course is preferred mainly by female medical students, who are prepared to manage female reproductive organs successfully.
Pediatrics, as a medical specialty, is relatively new. It is concerned with the healthcare of infants and children from birth to 18 years.
The significance of pediatrics lies in meeting the unique medical needs of children. They may undergo rapid physical, behavioral and emotional changes when they grow up. A pediatrician today starts providing medical care from the time of conception through pregnancy.
Pediatricians should undergo additional education and training to treat medical conditions in children. They have to perform various physical exams, treat injuries, evaluate a child’s development, give vaccinations, and treat medical conditions. Post-graduation after MBBS in pediatrics gives you numerous opportunities to work in specialized fields like:
- Child neurology
- Pediatric oncology
- Pediatric critical care
- Pediatric cardiology
- Adolescent medicine
- Pediatric endocrinology
The Doctor of Medicine (MD) in pediatrics, like other after MBBS PG courses, is a 3-year full-time course. It is open to candidates who have MBBS from a recognized university and have completed a one-year internship.
Orthopedics is one of the best PG courses in India that offer immense opportunities to work here or abroad. You can join as an orthopedic surgeon, physical therapist, researcher, consultant, sports medicine physician, etc. With this postgraduate in medicine branch, you learn about medical conditions related to the musculoskeletal system.
Orthopedics concentrates on the care of muscles and bones and ligaments, joints, and tendons. The three-year MS in this field will help you become an orthopedist who can treat various musculoskeletal issues.
You learn more about the surgical and nonsurgical methods of treating joint pains, bone fractures, back problems, sports injuries, etc. An orthopedist generally works as a team, including general physicians, nurse practitioners, consultants, and physical therapists. These are the top 7 postgraduate medical courses you can consider for a rewarding career in India. Pick one that suits your dreams and enroll right away. Like any other career, the sooner you start, the sooner your career skyrockets.