Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV is a global response program to reduce HIV transmission to young infants from their infected mothers. The contagion of HIV from the mother to the infant can occur in various ways, such as in-utero, during childbirth, or breastfeeding. There are specific services developed to be rendered to HIV positive women intended to prevent vertical transmission.
The study attached below by researchers Ajayi, Idowu Funmilola, Ademuyiwa, Iyabo Yewande, and Owopetu Christian Adetoun evaluates the PMTCT program and share insightful findings on the same.
Though we are yet to cure this deadly disease, we have come a long way to prevent it and treat patients who are unfortunate to be affected. Modern medical universities are now offering highly technical medical specialty courses on Global Health, HIV Medicine & Infectious disease to help combat the spread of this deadly disease.
These specialty programs also help doctors become a qualified specialist in conducting research on infectious diseases such as Aids and provide a valuable contribution via research findings such as the one attached below to help move the medical community to build a cure to eradicate this deadly disease.
The study utilized a descriptive survey design to collect data. The sample size for data collection was provided by nearly 19 health facilities in Lagos state. The samples were selected using a multi-stage sampling procedure for better accuracy and consistency.
The study employed two instruments for data collection, an observational checklist, and original records of the participating facilities’ previous PMTCT activities from the time frame between January 2017 to December 2019. The inventory was pre-tested with a reliability coefficient, and analysis was done using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics.
The study’s findings indicated that 92.8% of the structures in terms of equipment/supplies were available and functional in all the selected health facilities. A majority of the health care service providers listed were open, and there was the availability of recommended PMTCT services in all selected health facilities. It also discovered that there was a significant positive relationship between the available structure and PMTCT services.
The study also reveals that PMTCT services greatly influence the outcomes of exposed infants and should be given more resources and attention to better develop this process and implement it in a broader range of medical care outlets to treat infected mothers and their infants.
Medical Specialty Courses are responsible for the growth and development of such meticulous processes that positively impact the curbing of the spread of deadly disease in infants. However, there is also a great need for such qualified professionals in India to contribute to this noble and critical cause. Infectious specialists are in great demand, especially now more than ever, as the COVID19 pandemic has affected all our lives and claimed millions of lives in the process.
This study proves that well-formulated responses can go a long way to combat such diseases. Inadvertently also proves that Medical specialty courses go a long way to educate doctors on highly infectious diseases and give them the tools to identify, isolate, analyze, and formulate a response. Medical Specialty Courses are vital in equipping specialists for humanity’s fight against deadly infectious diseases.