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Internists investigate the underlying pathological causes of symptoms and disorders of internal organs with diagnostics and clinical assessment of patients. Internal medicine is a fusion of bacteriology, physiology, and pathology. Medical graduates can pursue a master's or Internal Medicine Fellowship program to become an internist. Internists investigate and diagnose patients' symptoms and conditions, provide effective treatment and guide them on disease prevention strategies to improve their well-being. Adolescent medicine, adult congenital heart disease, cardiovascular disease, immunology, critical care, endocrinology, gastroenterology, etc., are some of the subspecialties in internal medicine which can be pursued after a fellowship program. Medical graduates can pursue TAU-UCNs three-year fellowship programs at associated teaching hospitals across metropolitan cities in India and get trained by expert consultants with access to RCP membership.
With over 120 medical specialties and subspecialties, it can be taxing for medical students to make choices. If you are a medical graduate looking for career pathways in Internal Medicine, you have come to the right place. Read on! This article demystifies career pathways in Internal Medicine to help you make informed choices while choosing your specialty programs.
Having originated from the German word Innere Medizin, Internal Medicine degree merges critical analysis of lab science and a personalized, empathetic approach to adult medicine, which enables specialists to treat typical and complex medical conditions. Doctors in this specialty, also called internists, investigate the underlying pathological causes of symptoms and disorders of internal organs with diagnostics and clinical assessment of patients.
Did you know that Internal medicine is a fusion of bacteriology, physiology, and pathology? Internal medicine specialists examine the entire systems and processes of the body since a problem in one part can lead to complications in another. They are adept in diagnosing and managing cancer conditions affecting the heart, blood, kidneys, joints, and digestive system. And chronic diseases like diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, sinus, infections, and allergies.
Medical graduates can pursue a master's or Internal Medicine Fellowship program to become an internist. After the fellowship, you can practice or choose to subspecialize further in the field.
Did you know doctor-patient interaction goes a long way in building longitudinal relationships? Since as a doctor, you need to focus on the long-term well-being of your patients.
What do Internists do?
Internists specialize in a particular discipline like immunology, cardiology, or gastroenterology, collaborate with other specialists to discuss patients' health conditions, and refer them to the right specialty. They analyze and recommend suitable procedures with routine check-ups to improve patient outcomes.
Prompt preventive care
Internists investigate patients' health threats due to lifestyle choices or medical history, diagnose and provide suitable therapies and guide them on disease prevention strategies to improve their well-being.
Effective treatment plans
Internal Medicine Fellowship is an intense program with extensive curriculum and clinical exposure, which prepares you to provide effective treatment for patients before the condition worsens. The rigorous training equips you to identify the underlying problems and start essential treatment quickly.
Adopting a sincere approach will help you build trust with your patients and ensures their adherence to treatment plans. It also involves collaborating with experts from other specialties to improve treatment outcomes. Excellent communication skill is an added advantage as it helps you to articulate patients' health conditions and clear their doubts and concerns.
Medical graduates eager to become Internists can pursue a Fellowship in Internal Medicine offered jointly by Texila American University and the University of Central Nicaragua. It's a three-year program providing specialized training to help you confidently attempt theory papers and clinical exams for the MRCP degree.
Let's look at some of the subspecialties in Internal Medicine:
1) Adolescent medicine: Physicians specializing in adolescent medicine work with teenagers or young adults providing primary care and addressing reproductive health, eating disorders, chronic illness, substance misuse, and sports medicine.
2) Adult congenital heart disease: Physicians specializing in this subspecialty are trained to care for patients with defects in heart or blood vessel structures.
3) Advanced heart failure and transplant cardiology: Exceptional mastery is essential to handle transplant surgery patients, which involves addressing complexities concerning heart failure and providing consultation support for other physicians dealing with heart failure patients.
4) Allergy and immunology: Physicians in this field treat asthma, immunologic disorders, and allergies, which include food allergies and insect stings. Allergists/immunologists address wide-ranging conditions and age groups. Also, you can choose to pursue a career in clinical practice or focus on research.
5) Cardiovascular disease: This is one of the most popular subspecialties and trains you to address diseases concerning heart and blood vessels, WHEREAS coronary artery disease, heart rhythm abnormalities, and heart failure. It involves managing existing conditions and providing guidance on disease prevention approaches like lifestyle and dietary changes to improve well-being.
6) Clinical cardiac electrophysiology: This subspeciality involves treating patients with complex rhythm disorders using medications, imaging procedures, and implantable electrical devices like pacemakers.
7) Critical care medicine: Critical care physicians focus on patients with specific conditions and are adept at handling trauma patients with severe illnesses or injuries. The job involves working in intensive care units (ICUs) and critical care. Some physicians in this field additionally specialize in pulmonology or nephrology.
8) Endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolism: Endocrinologists are trained to handle patients experiencing problems in the endocrine gland, which include hormonal and metabolic conditions, and have extensive research backgrounds.
9) Gastroenterology: Gastroenterologists treat conditions affecting digestive organs like ulcers, liver disease, and abdominal pain.
10) Geriatric medicine: Geriatricians work with aged individuals. They have expertise in the aging process and are skilled in handling medical complexities associated with aging patients. They interact with family members and caregivers concerning the healthcare needs of these patients and ensure their well-being.
11) Hematology: Hematologists investigate, diagnose and treat wide-ranging blood disorders like hemophilia, anemia, and leukemia.
12) Hospice and palliative medicine: Physicians in this field focus on providing terminal care and work to relieve the discomfort of patients with life-threatening conditions. They interact with other physicians to manage the symptoms and work with a team of caregivers to meet the physical, psychological, social, and spiritual needs of patients and families.
13) Hospital medicine: Hospital medicine physicians are trained to care for critically ill hospitalized patients and also interact with other specialty experts to improve treatment outcomes.
14) Infectious disease: Infectious disease specialists diagnose and treat conditions caused by microorganisms, such as hepatitis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). They identify the root cause of infections and design appropriate treatment plans to tackle the disease. This is a broad field, and specialists can opt to work in clinical practice, public health, epidemiology, and more.
15) Interventional cardiology: Interventional cardiologists specialize in imaging and diagnostic techniques employed to investigate the cardiovascular system and related functions. They diagnose and address heart conditions that typically require catheterization, including coronary artery disease.
16) Medical Oncology: Medical oncologists are trained to treat cancer, including benign tumors. They work with surgeons and other physicians to improve treatment outcomes. They serve as the primary point of contact and develop a close relationships with patients.
17) Nephrology: Nephrologists are trained to treat various disorders concerning kidneys, including mild, complex (that require dialysis - the treatment used to filter toxins from the blood), and advanced conditions (that require transplant).
18) Neurocritical care: This field deals with handling patients with neurological conditions (ranging from nerve diseases to brain trauma) that are life-threatening and post-neurosurgical complications. The issues range from nerve diseases to brain trauma. The work commonly involves addressing the healthcare needs of patients in specialized intensive care units. While neurocritical care is considered an internal medicine subspecialty, it's common for students to pursue this discipline after finishing a neurology residency.
19) Pulmonary disease: Pulmonary and critical care can be pursued independently or as a dual specialization. Pulmonologists treat respiratory disorders like asthma and pulmonary hypertension, and some physicians deal with interventional pulmonology employing various surgical procedures.
20) Rheumatology: Rheumatologists have the expertise to diagnose and treat various conditions affecting joints, muscles, and related tissues. They also offer consultation to physicians from other specialties to improve treatment outcomes.
21) Sleep Medicine: Sleep medicine specialists diagnose and manage insomnia and sleep apnea by employing wide-ranging techniques. They have comprehensive knowledge of sleep and respiratory control centers and how changes in physiology affect individuals.
22) Sports Medicine: Specialists diagnose and treat sports-related injuries using non-surgical procedures and guide patients with strategies to avoid future injuries. You can choose to work in a clinical setting or directly with athletic teams.
23) Transplant hepatology: Specialists investigate various conditions and diseases that occur due to transplant surgery, like conditions that affect the liver and other digestive organs. They provide preoperative and postoperative care and have the expertise to address transplant-related complications.
Importance of pursuing Fellowship in Internal Medicine with TAU-UCN:
TAU-UCN offers three-year fellowship programs which can be pursued at top-notch associated teaching hospitals across metropolitan cities in India. Students get trained by expert consultants & RCP-Certified program consultants with clinical exposure and access to RCP membership.
Pursuing Internal Medicine Fellowship from TAU-UCN enables you to function efficiently as an Internal Medicine doctor. It equips you with the necessary skills to diagnose and treat adult diseases using scientific knowledge and clinical expertise and support patients in disease prevention and maintaining good health.
Get set to become an Internal Medicine Specialist the smart way with TAU-UCN!
Pursuing Internal Medicine Fellowship from TAU-UCN enables you to function efficiently as an Internal Medicine doctor.— Texila American University - Post Graduate (@TexilaPG) February 3, 2023
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