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Neonatologists treat health complexities and high-risk conditions in newborn babies. NHP states that around 1.7 million newborn babies are born with congenital disabilities annually in India. Newborn babies face unique problems that require special care like complications during the development phase, hereditary problems and congenital disabilities due to various conditions in the womb; and lead to preterm birth. The critical organs like lungs, heart, stomach, liver, and skin may not be developed enough and need specialized care to function. Neonatologists treat and diagnose newborns for infections, breathing disorders, disabilities, etc, medically supervise newborns who require critical care or surgery, ensure the babies receive proper nutrition and stabilize conditions in newborns, etc. Professionals with MD/DNB or DCH in pediatrics can join a one-year online fellowship program in neonatology with TAU. Gain clinical exposure at leading pediatric or ob-gyn hospitals with continuous evaluation by senior consultants in the field.
In an academic partnership with the University of Central Nicaragua (UCN), Texila American University (TAU) offers a range of short-term courses in India. One among which is a Fellowship in Neonatology course, a subspecialty of pediatrics.
Who Is a Neonatologist?
Unlike pediatricians, neonatologist is the one who treats children in a general sense. Neonatologists who have completed neonatology courses are subspecialists who train to deal with health complexities and high-risk scenarios with newborn babies specifically.
According to the National Health Portal, the prevalence of congenital disabilities in India is 6–7%, which translates to around 1.7 million congenital disabilities annually. The typical congenital disabilities include inherent heart disease (8–10 per 1,000 live births), and neural tube defects (4–11.4 per 1,000 live births), and congenital deafness (5.6–10 per 1,000 live births).
A neonatologist steps in if a newborn is premature or has a congenital disability, injury, or severe illness. A neonatologist may support at the delivery time and in the subsequent care of your newborn. In case a health-related problem is identified with a baby during the delivery time, a neonatologist may also connect to consult with your obstetrician in your baby’s attention during your pregnancy.
Neonatology in India has quickly gained prominence due to the rise in online fellowship programs and online medical courses. One can take up a fellowship course after his/her MD/DNB or DCH in paediatrics and effectively specialize in this in-demand field, which can save many young lives.
Opportunities for Neonatologists
Neonatologists practice in most major hospitals, specifically in children’s hospitals. They are also present in university medical centers and central public hospitals. Most of the time obstetrician or pediatrician refer them if a newborn baby needs this special care.
Neonatologists – Specialists for Newborns
Unlike kids and adults, newborn babies face unique problems that require special care. There can be many complications during the development stage of the baby. Some might face hereditary problems while others struggle with congenital disabilities caused due to setbacks in development in the womb. This is especially the case with preterm birth. For these babies, critical organs, namely the lungs, heart, stomach, liver, and skin may not be developed enough to function appropriately without specialized help.
This is a situation where neonatologists step in as they possess the specialized training that’s needed to evaluate and treat such medical problems in newborns. Neonatologists are also the only ones trained and qualified to use equipment explicitly produced to treat newborn babies.
Rest assured, if a pediatrician suggests that a baby needs to be evaluated by a neonatologist, that child would receive the prime medical care that is crafted, especially for the child.
What Are the Treatments That Neonatologists Offer?
Here are some of the diagnosis and treatment procedures that neonatologists generally provide to their patients:
- Treat and diagnose newborns with fundamental ailments such as infections, breathing disorders, and disabilities.
- Coordinate and medically supervise newborns who require surgery due to premature birth or critically ill due to underdevelopment
- Supervise and assure that sick critically newborns obtain the proper nutrition for proper growth and healing.
- Provide care to newborns delivered via a cesarean or other complexity that involves medical problems that may compromise the infant’s health and demand medical intervention.
- Stabilize newborns identified with life-threatening medical issues.
- Advise and collaborate with pediatricians, obstetricians, and family physicians on medical conditions affecting newborns.
Neonatologists primarily offer their care in intensive care units and nursery wards of the hospital or clinic. In some cases, a neonatologist also may provide follow-up care on an outpatient basis on the complexity of their ailment. Still, most of the time, the neonatologist coordinates with and directs patients to pediatricians for the health of the baby.
- Neonatologists have completed at least four years of medical school for their UG medical degree.
- Next, they can either do a DNB/MD (paediatrics)/DCH or equivalent degree for their specialization.
- Followed up with a Fellowship in Neonatology, a short-term program, to complete their education
In an academic partnership with the UCN, TAU offers one of the beat Fellowship in Neonatology course in that focuses on equipping doctors with the training and knowledge to provide the best medical care and meet their career goals. Our short-term medical courses are intended to provide a comprehensive fellowship program that offers the best clinical, theoretical, and research experience to our students to launch a thriving academic career in neonatology.
- TAU’s short-term medical courses aim to give the students a practical and extensive clinical exposure coupled with hands-on training in the specialization
- Our online medical course offers a continuous evaluation and assessment by the senior consultants of the clinical/hospital sites.
- A clinical and theoretical examination is conducted upon the successful completion of the program to evaluate the student’s understanding.
What Will You Learn from This Course?
Here are some of the topics that students will train and learn on:
- Introduction to Care of Newborn Babies
- Preventive Neonatology
- Organization of Special Care Neonatal Unit
- Perinatal Pharmacology
- Maternal Disorders and Fetal Outcome
- Essential Care of the Baby in the Labour Room
- Awareness and the Essentials on Neonatal and Perinatal Care in the Community
- Examination of the Baby
- Rhythmic Stimulation and Humanized Care of Newborn Babies
- Social, Ethical, and Legal Issues in Perinatal medicine
- Feeding and Nutrition
- Fluid and Electrolyte Management
- Temperature Regulation
- Disorders of Weight and Gestation
- Perinatal Infections
- Respiratory Disorders and Assisted Ventilation
- Cardiovascular, Renal, and Neurological Disorders
- Hematologic and Metabolic Disorders
- Surgical Conditions and Common Procedures
- Follow up of High-Risk Newborns.
Why Texila American University?
- Our neonatology fellowship course is conducted at major hospitals that are accredited with TAU’s high standards.
- Training is provided by top consultants who are masters with extensive experience in the field.
- Our training centers will be exclusively in significant metro cities for the convenience of our students.
- Training gives trainees connectivity to a professional worldwide network of consultants of TAU.
With this, we hope you will be able to comprehend the role and significance of a neonatologist concerning pediatric care and to cart your career path in neonatology by taking up one of the best neonatology courses in India.