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Heart surgeries are complicated and expensive. In such a case non-invasive cardiology is the best option to cure CVDs.
A healthy heart is critical to a long and healthy life. The human heart is the most susceptible organ of the body to various ailments; sometimes, complications turn out of the left field. High blood cholesterol is the number one risk factor contributing to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in humans. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), CVDs are the number one cause of death globally. More people die yearly from CVDs than any other reason.
Reducing high blood cholesterol cases, which is a crucial risk factor contributing to CVDs in patients with and without any previous signs of CVD complication, this factor is the primary goal of pharmacotherapy.
A WHO report states that, overall, high blood cholesterol is estimated to cause 2.6 million deaths annually globally. CVDs are also one of the significant patrons to deaths among the Indian people. In 2016, heart disease developed as the leading reason for India’s casualties, with around 1.7 million deaths.
According to the International Diabetics Federation (IDF), the ubiquity of diabetes in adults is nearly 8.9% as of March 2020. As per the WHO, the amount of type-2 diabetes cases in India will increase by around 98 million by 2030.
When surgeries are complicated and expensive, non-invasive cardiology comes into play to cure the most critical heart ailments. A non-invasive cardiologist treats patients with heart-related illnesses without penetrating their skin.
Let’s look at all the non-invasive techniques that these specialists use to perform non-invasive cardiology.
What Is Non-Invasive Cardiology?
Non-invasive cardiology procedures recognize heart problems without applying needles, knives, or other medical instruments into the patient’s body.
The non-invasive procedure customarily involves external tests rather than any other traditional surgical medical instruments to diagnose cardiovascular conditions, heart ailments, or other diseases. This specialty reduces further medical complications for the heart. It does not need any surgical procedures done to the patient.
The non-invasive diagnostic tools and non-invasive diagnostic techniques used by non-invasive cardiological specialists aim to bring the best possible results from the patients with minimal costs and complications.
Unlike traditional cardiological procedures, non-invasive procedures are often simple. Most of the diagnostic process is taking blood pressure readings, simple as listening to a heartbeat, and monitoring the patient’s pulse while performing a physical exercise with instruments being non-invasive to perform such tasks. This assessment is useful when patients are suspected of having trouble maintaining their consciousness, clogged artery, chest pain, and low or high blood pressure, or other histories of heart ailments.
The benefit of non-invasive cardiology over traditional cardiology is lower complications and cost while also the avoidance of post-operative recovery and surgical scars, especially for patients aged above 45. Additionally, a newer non-invasive cardiology method of primary angioplasty, a non-invasive cardiology procedure, is now the gold standard of excellence in treating acute myocardial infarctions or, more commonly known as a heart attack.
In short, non-invasive cardiology is a practice undertaken by specialist doctors. Patients who suspect heart-related abnormalities can reach out to these doctors where they can be diagnosed and treated on heart-related ailments.
Some of the heart-related issues treated by non-invasive cardiologist are:
- Echocardiography: Non-invasive cardiology utilizes echocardiography, as mentioned earlier, in the process of using ultrasound waves to produce images of the heart and its surroundings. It is used to distinguish any structural abnormalities, infections, or functionality problems in the human heart.
- Nuclear cardiology: This is also a unique diagnosis of cardiovascular disorders using several imaging techniques and radioactive elements.
- Stress tests: Stress examination involves monitoring a patient’s heart while the body is engaged in physical exercise. This test enables a non-invasive cardiologist to discover how your heart functions under physical strain.
- Cardiac electrophysiology: This process measures the electric currents that generate biorhythm heartbeats.
- CT scans: A CT scan, which is also mentioned earlier, is employed. It produces images of the heart, which doctors later use to diagnose atherosclerosis and other heart diseases.
- Heart monitors: Heart monitors are a type of recorder that can record and monitor a patient’s heart’s activity.
The Need for Cardiologists in India
The Indian and global medical sector faces a substantial shortage of cardiologists. A report proposed that India has a deficit of specialist doctors. For example, there are barely 4,000 cardiologists in India, wherein practice a minimum of 88,000 personnel are needed.
Due to this demand, fellowship in India’s cardiology has risen in popularity among doctors. These days there are several opportunities for a PG course after MBBS. One can opt for a non-invasive cardiology course after MBBS to become a non-invasive cardiologist specialist if they wish for a quicker route.
Unlike a traditional PG course after MBBS, a long and arduous process, a full-time course, a cardiologist course can also be pursued as a fellowship course after MBBS easily.
The Career Outlook for Cardiologists in India
There are around 31,890 cardiologists for 32 Crores in the USA, whereas in India, a 135-Crore country, requires 88,000 but allegedly has only 4,000 specialists as per the news publication the Deccan Herald. It is also important to note that most of these specialists are concentrated in major cities.
These numbers are also similar to the wages drawn in India by non-invasive cardiology specialists, with monthly salary averaging from anywhere of 1.5 lakh rupees and more in the private sector while 80,000 to 1 lakh rupees in state hospitals.
While the career and fruitful pay are alluring, ambitious MBBS doctors and seasoned professionals need to dream big and step up their career path. With various educational institutions worldwide now proposing courses to attract Indian students, determining the right direction and institute has become more accessible than ever.
Texila American University’s Fellowship in Non-Invasive Cardiology Program
Texila American University (Texila), in an academic partnership with the University of Central Nicaragua, offers a 2-year non-invasive cardiology fellowship program.
This program is crafted to help aspirants pursue their dreams of specialization as a cardiologist in India. The program is a hospital-based PG fellowship that can be taken up by aspirants after their MBBS. The highlight of this course is that students will be permitted to take up their classes while keeping their current practice in one of the reputed cardio hospitals certified by Texila.
- Hospital-based course
- International standard curriculum
- Rotations between departments where required
- Real-time learning to acquire non-invasive skills in a live hospital environment
- Access to plenty of online resources to read and learn your core subjects
We hope that this article educates readers on the broad spectrum of non-invasive cardiology procedures currently being practiced by the medical community worldwide and possibly encourages the reader to pursue a program to course on non-invasive techniques. Good luck!